Epimeles

the Pence family cookbook

Recipes Tagged with “turkey”

Steamed and Roasted Turkey

main course turkey

Ingredients

FOR THE TURKEY

  • 1 16- to 18-pound turkey, preferably fresh and organic, with neck, gizzard, heart and liver, knobby ends of drumsticks cut off so you can remove sinews later (you can ask your butcher to do this)
  • 1 ½ cups diced (1/2-inch) carrots
  • 2 cups diced (1/2-inch) onions

FOR THE GLAZE

  • ½ cup apple cider
  • 2 tablespoons cider vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon Tabasco or other hot pepper sauce
  • ½ teaspoon salt

FOR THE SAUCE

  • 1 cup white wine
  • 2 teaspoons potato starch or cornstarch dissolved in 2 tablespoons water
  • Salt and black pepper

Preparation

For the turkey: Cut off the ends of the drumsticks if your butcher hasn’t already. Make a cut about 1-inch deep and 1 1/2 inches long at the joint connecting the drumstick and thigh of each leg and at the joint connecting each of the wings and the breast.

Place a small wire rack (or crumpled foil) in the bottom of a large stockpot (or other large pot like a canning or lobster pot) and add 6 cups of water. Place the turkey (minus the neck, gizzard, heart and liver) in the pot, and bring the water to a boil. Cover, reduce the heat to low, and steam the turkey for about 30 minutes.

For the glaze: In a small bowl, mix together the cider, vinegar, Tabasco and salt. Set aside. Remove the pot with the turkey from the heat and heat the oven to 375 degrees. When the turkey is cool enough to handle, remove it from the pot (reserving the stock created from the steaming) and place it breast side up in a roasting pan. Put the pan in the heated oven, and cook the turkey for 30 minutes. Sprinkle the carrots and onions around it, and stir to coat them with any fat in the pan. Brush the turkey with the glaze, and continue to cook it in the oven for 1 1/2 hours longer, brushing it with the glaze occasionally. If the top of the bird begins to brown too much, cover it loosely with aluminum foil.

While the turkey is roasting, pour the reserved stock into a bowl and let it rest until most of the fat rises to the surface, about 10 minutes. Skim off and discard as much fat as possible. Transfer the stock to a saucepan and add the turkey neck, gizzard and heart. (As a special treat, sauté the liver in a little butter, add salt and pepper and snack on it with a cold glass of white wine.) Bring the stock to a boil and reduce the heat to low. Simmer, partly covered, until reduced to 4 cups, about 1 hour. Remove the neck, gizzard and heart from the stock, pick the meat from the neck and coarsely chop the meat along with the gizzard and heart. (You should have about 2 cups of meat.) Return the chopped mixture to the stock.

Remove the turkey from the oven when the breast and the leg register an internal temperature of about 160 degrees. Transfer to an ovenproof serving platter and, using small pliers and a fork, pull the sinews (which are visible at the drumstick tips) from the drumsticks through the tines of the fork, so you do not pull out chunks of meat along with the sinews. Discard the sinews. Keep the turkey warm, uncovered, in a 160-degree oven.

For the sauce: Add the stock and giblets to the vegetables in the roasting pan and mix well with a wooden spoon, scraping the bottom. Transfer the contents to a saucepan and let rest for 5 minutes. Skim off as much fat from the surface as possible. Place the pan over medium-low heat, add the wine and potato-starch mixture and bring to a boil, stirring occasionally until it thickens. Simmer for 1 minute and season with salt and pepper to taste. Transfer to a warm sauceboat and serve.

Jacques Pepin, via the New York Times


Turkey Gravy from Scratch

miscellaneous family sauce turkey

Ingredients

For the turkey stock:

  • 4 tablespoons butter, more if necessary for gravy, and for seasoning (optional)
  • 6 turkey legs or other dark meat turkey parts (thighs, wings, etc.), to make about 6 pounds
  • Salt and black pepper
  • 1 medium onion, peeled and stuck with 3 cloves
  • 3 large carrots, peeled and cut into large chunks
  • 3 stalks celery with leaves, trimmed and cut into large chunks
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 12 black peppercorns
  • 1 cup white wine, Madeira, vermouth, dry sherry or water

For the gravy:

  • 12 tablespoons (3/4 cup) all-purpose flour
  • Salt and black pepper

Preparation

1. For the stock: Heat oven to 375 degrees. Melt 4 tablespoons butter. Sprinkle turkey parts with salt and pepper, place in roasting pan and brush with melted butter. Roast 2 hours, basting with butter every 20 minutes or so.

2. Transfer roasted turkey to a stockpot and set roasting pan aside. Add onion, carrots, celery, bay leaves and peppercorns to stockpot. Add cold water just to cover, bring to a simmer and cook, slightly uncovered, about 6 hours.

3. Meanwhile, place roasting pan on top of stove and bring juices to a simmer over low heat. Pour in wine (or water), stirring and scraping to bring up browned bits. (If using wine, simmer at least 5 minutes.) Pour all liquid into a bowl and refrigerate. When deglazing liquid is cool, lift off top layer of fat; reserve fat. Add deglazing liquid to stockpot.

4. When stock is golden and flavorful, strain into a large container and refrigerate. When cool, lift off fat and mix it with reserved fat from deglazing liquid. Reserve 3 quarts stock for gravy and refrigerate or freeze the rest for another use.

5. For the gravy: In a deep skillet or large heavy pot, melt 12 tablespoons ( 3/4 cup) reserved turkey fat over medium heat. If you do not have enough turkey fat, use additional butter to make 3/4 cup. Gradually whisk in the flour. Cook, whisking, until golden brown and toasty-smelling, 3 to 5 minutes or longer for darker gravy.

6. Whisk in a small amount of stock (this prevents lumps), then add remainder more quickly and whisk until smooth. Simmer, continually whisking, until thickened. If too thick, thin with more stock or a little wine and simmer briefly. Season with salt and pepper. If desired, whisk in a few tablespoons cold butter to smooth and enrich gravy.

Yield: 3 quarts, about 20 servings.

The New York Times


Roasted Turkey with Juniper-Ginger Butter and Pan Gravy

main course turkey

Ingredients

For the juniper-ginger butter:

  • 7 oz. (14 Tbs.) unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/4 cup minced fresh ginger
  • 2 Tbs. chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley
  • 2 Tbs. minced shallots
  • 1 Tbs. ground juniper
  • 1 Tbs. chopped fresh sage
  • 1 Tbs. fresh thyme
  • 2 tsp. minced garlic
  • 2 tsp. chopped fresh rosemary

For the brined turkey:

  • 2-1/2 lb. kosher salt
  • 1-1/2 lb. (3 cups plus 3 Tbs.) granulated sugar
  • 2/3 cup freshly ground black pepper
  • 2-1/2 oz. fresh rosemary sprigs (about 2 large bunches), lightly crushed
  • 2-1/2 oz. fresh thyme sprigs (about 2 large bunches), lightly crushed
  • 14-lb. natural turkey (preferably fresh)

For the gravy:

  • 1 cup lower-salt chicken broth
  • 4 Tbs. unsalted butter
  • 3 oz. (2/3 cup) all-purpose flour
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper

Preparation

At least one day ahead, make the butter

Mix the butter ingredients in a bowl. Refrigerate 4 Tbs. of the butter for the gravy and set the rest aside at room temperature for the turkey.

One day ahead, brine and prepare the turkey

In a plastic container or stockpot large enough to hold the turkey, mix all the brine ingredients (except the turkey) in 3 gallons of cold water, stirring until the salt and sugar are mostly dissolved. Discard the neck and the giblets and trim any excess skin or fat. Trim the tail, if desired. Rinse the turkey and submerge it in the brine for at least 4 hours and no more than 6 hours. If the turkey floats, weight it down with a couple of dinner plates.

Remove the turkey from the brine and pat dry with paper towels. Starting at the top of the breast, run your fingers between the breast and the skin to separate them, being careful not to rip the skin. Once you’re halfway down the breast, turn the turkey around and work from the bottom of the breast until you have loosened the skin from the breast, thighs, and as far down the legs as you can reach. Rub the juniper butter under the skin, covering the breast and as much of the legs as possible. Tuck the wings behind the breast and truss the turkey with twine, securing the legs to the body. Set the turkey on a rack in a large roasting pan and refrigerate, uncovered, for at least 6 and up to 24 hours.

Roast the turkey

Position a rack in the bottom of the oven and heat the oven to 350°F. If any brine has dripped from the turkey into the roasting pan, pour it out. Then pour 2 cups of warm water into the bottom of the pan and cover the entire roasting pan with foil. Roast undisturbed for 2 hours; remove the pan from the oven and remove the foil. Roast the uncovered turkey until an instant-read thermometer inserted in the thickest part of both thighs reads 165°F, 45 minutes to 1 hour longer.

Move the turkey to a cutting board, tent with foil to keep warm, and let rest for about 30 minutes.

Make the gravy

Strain the turkey drippings into a fat separator cup (or another clear, heatproof container). Let sit until the fat rises to the top and then separate exactly 2 cups of the turkey juice from the fat—don’t use more than that or the gravy will be too salty. Combine the 2 cups juice with the chicken broth and enough water to make 4-1/2 cups liquid.

In a medium saucepan, melt the reserved juniper-ginger butter and the unsalted butter over medium-high heat until foaming. Whisk in the flour and cook, whisking constantly, until the mixture is golden brown, 2 to 3 minutes. Gradually whisk in the liquid, bring just to a boil, and reduce to a simmer. Whisking frequently, continue to cook about 5 minutes longer to meld the flavors. Season to taste with salt and pepper.

Alfred Portale, Fine Cooking Magazine


Curried Turkey Salad with Cashews

main course curry turkey

Ingredients

  • 2 2-pound turkey breast halves with skin and bones
  • Olive oil 1 1/2 cups mayonnaise
  • 1/3 cup dry white wine
  • 1/4 cup mango chutney
  • 2 tablespoons curry powder [JP: Penzey’s maharajah is really good]
  • 1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 3 green onions, chopped
  • 2 celery stalks, chopped
  • 1/2 cup raisins
  • 2/3 cup roasted salted cashews

Preparation

Preheat oven to 375°F. Place turkey in baking pan. Brush turkey with oil. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Roast until meat thermometer inserted into thickest part of meat registers 180°F, about 1 hour. Cool. Remove skin and bones. Cut meat into 1/2-inch cubes.

Whisk mayonnaise, wine, chutney, curry powder, lemon juice and ginger in large bowl. Add turkey, onions, celery and raisins; toss to coat. Season with salt and pepper. (Can be made 1 day ahead. Cover; chill.) Mix cashews into salad.

Bon Appetit, August 2000


Roast Salted Turkey

main course turkey

Note: This is more a technique than a recipe. It makes a bird that has concentrated turkey flavor and fine, firm flesh and that is delicious as it is. But you can add other flavors as you wish. Minced rosemary would be a nice finishing addition. Or brush the bird lightly with butter before roasting.

Ingredients

  • 1 (12- to 16-pound) turkey
  • Kosher salt

Preparation

1. Wash the turkey inside and out, pat it dry and weigh it. Measure 1 tablespoon of salt into a bowl for every 5 pounds the turkey weighs (for a 15-pound turkey, you’d have 3 tablespoons).

2. Sprinkle the inside of the turkey lightly with salt. Place the turkey on its back and salt the breasts, concentrating the salt in the center, where the meat is thickest. You’ll probably use a little more than a tablespoon. It should look liberally seasoned, but not over-salted.

3. Turn the turkey on one side and sprinkle the entire side with salt, concentrating on the thigh. You should use a little less than a tablespoon. Flip the turkey over and do the same with the opposite side.

4. Place the turkey in a 2 1/2 -gallon sealable plastic bag, press out the air and seal tightly. Place the turkey breast-side up in the refrigerator. Chill for 3 days, turning it onto its breast for the last day.

5. Remove the turkey from the bag. There should be no salt visible on the surface and the skin should be moist but not wet. Place the turkey breast-side up on a plate and refrigerate uncovered for at least 8 hours.

6. On the day it is to be cooked, remove the turkey from the refrigerator and leave it at room temperature at least 1 hour. Preheat the oven to 425 degrees.

7. Place the turkey breast-side down on a roasting rack in a roasting pan; put it in the oven. After 30 minutes, remove the pan from the oven and carefully turn the turkey over so the breast is facing up (it’s easiest to do this by hand, using kitchen towels or oven mitts).

8. Reduce the oven temperature to 325 degrees, return the turkey to the oven and roast until a thermometer inserted in the deepest part of the thigh, but not touching the bone, reads 165 degrees, about 2 3/4 hours total roasting.

9. Remove the turkey from the oven, transfer it to a warm platter or carving board; tent loosely with foil. Let stand at least 30 minutes to let the juices redistribute through the meat. Carve and serve.

Russ Parsons, LA Times


Roast Turkey in 45 Minutes

main course turkey

Ingredients

  • 1 8- to 12-pound turkey
  • 10 garlic cloves, peeled and lightly crushed, more to taste
  • 1 branch fresh tarragon or thyme separated into sprigs, or 1/2 teaspoon dried thyme or tarragon
  • 1/3 cup extra virgin olive oil or butter
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Preparation

Heat oven to 450 degrees. Put turkey on a stable cutting board breast side down and cut out backbone. Turn turkey over, and press on it to flatten. Put it, breast side up, in a roasting pan. Wings should partly cover breasts, and legs should protrude a bit.

Tuck garlic and tarragon under the bird and in the nooks of the wings and legs. Drizzle with olive oil, and sprinkle liberally with salt and pepper.

Roast for 20 minutes, undisturbed. Turkey should be browning. Remove from oven, baste with pan juices, and return to oven. Reduce heat to 400 degrees (if turkey browns too quickly, reduce temperature to 350 degrees).

Begin to check turkey’s temperature about 15 minutes later (10 minutes if bird is on the small side). It is done when thigh meat registers 165 degrees on an instant-read meat thermometer. Check it in a couple of places. [An 18-lb. turkey cooked in a total of about two hours.]

Let turkey rest for a few minutes before carving, then serve with garlic cloves and pan juices.

Mark Bittman, New York Times


Turkey Curry

main course curry turkey untested

Ingredients

  • 6 cups leftover turkey, chopped
  • 2 tbsp canola oil
  • 2 large onions, quartered and finely sliced
  • 1 tbsp sweet curry
  • 3-4 pieces leftover fruit (pears, peaches, plums)
  • 1 1/2-2 cups water
  • 2 tbsp white vinegar
  • 1 cup yogurt, drained
  • 1/4 cup fresh cilantro leaves, chopped

Preparation

In a large pan, heat the oil over medium. Add onions and cook until lightly brown, stirring frequently. Add the sweet curry powder, stir and cook another 5 minutes. While the onions are cooking, cut up fruit. Use whatever fruit has gotten a bit soft in the fridge, peel or not as desired. Add the water, vinegar and fruit to the pan, stir and get everything simmering, then add the turkey, Make sure the mixture never boils, so the turkey stays tender. Cook everything for as long as possible, 30 minutes minimum. Make rice or pasta while the curry is cooking. Drain the yogurt but placing it in a very fine strainer or a cheese cloth-lined regular strainer over a small bowl while curry is cooking. At the end of the cooking time, add the fresh cilantro leaves and cook for one final minute. Turn the heat off and stir in the yogurt. Serve.

Penzys